LTAD (短名 ),
General LTAD/ Lipoteichoic acid CLIA Kit
Natural and recombinant general Lipoteichoic acid
Serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell culture supernates and other biological fluids
LTA may bind to target cells non-specifically through membrane phospholipids, or specifically to CD14 and to Toll-like receptors. Binding to TLR-2 has shown to induce NF-κB expression(a central transcription factor), elevating expression of both pro- and anti-apoptotic genes. Its activation also induces mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) activation along with Phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation.
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a major constituent of the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria. These organisms have an inner (or cytoplasmic) membrane and, external to it, a thick (up to 80 nanometer) peptidoglycan layer. The structure of LTA varies between the different species of Gram positive bacteria and may contain long chains of ribitol or glycerol phosphate. LTA is anchored to the cell membrane via a glyceride. It acts as regulator of autolytic wall enzymes (muramidases). It has antigenic properties being able to stimulate specific immune response and is released from the bacterial cells mainly after bacteriolysis induced by lysozyme, cationic peptides from leucocytes, or beta-lactam antibiotics.
"The airway microbiome of intubated premature infants: characteristics and changes that predict the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia"
P Lohmann, RA Luna, EB. Hollister, et al.
From: Pediatric Research
评论数 : 0
规格 数量 价格 ($) 小计 1 ($)
小计 2: $
规格 数量 价格 ($)